D&L Sports™, Inc.
The 1911 Tanto Extractor
( A Dave Lauck design - patent pending )
Those who study firearm designers and their achievements will no doubt recognize the name John Moses Browning. John Browning is recognized as a genius of firearms design. This is especially true when you consider the era in which he worked, long before the CAD drawings and CNC machine centers we are familiar with today.
The 1911 autopistol is one of John Browning's long lasting designs. It continues to be extremely popular today, especially among highly skilled and knowledgeable shooters. Many shooters have their own individual reasons for choosing the 1911 design, but the general reasoning normally revolves around the fact that the 1911 is a very user friendly design which leads to high performance shooting when used by properly trained shooters. The fact that it has a manual safety, which has to be manipulated before it will fire, is also viewed as a highly desirable feature by police officers and defensive shooters who have the foresight to consider gun grab situations.
We now have decades more experience, and many millions more rounds down range with the 1911 than its original designer. This has allowed for extensive evaluation of the 1911 design and for improvements to be made where they were obviously needed. Things like improved sights and upswept beavertail grip safeties are now widely used and accepted as improvements in the 1911 design.
John Moses Browning
John Moses Browning

Another item which has been extensively evaluated in the 1911 is it's internal extractor.
The operation of this device is often misunderstood, even by experienced 1911 shooters. Misunderstanding the extractors method of operation has led to many damaged and malfunctioning 1911s.
The 1911 operates with what has become known as "controlled feed". In other words, the cartridge slides under the extractor hook once it is released from the feed lips of the magazine, thus it is then controlled by the extractor during much of the feed cycle.
The 1911 extractor hook does not routinely snap over the base of the cartridge as many people seem to believe.
When a 1911 autopistol is properly constructed, and John Browning's original internal extractor design is correctly installed, it is not at all uncommon for the pistol to fire many thousands of rounds without malfunction, with only routine maintenance. This is of course when the pistol is operated properly, i.e. cartridges are fed from the magazine into the chamber.
Problems can occur immediately, or over time when this important 1911 operational rule is not followed: Always load the chamber by cycling a cartridge into the chamber from a loaded magazine.
When the 1911's slide is locked open and a cartridge is dropped directly into the chamber, then the slide is
snapped shut, it forces the extractor to operate in a manner which it was not designed to. Instead of allowing the cartridge to slide behind the extractor's hook from the underside, it forces the extractor's blunt leading nose to impact the rear of the cartridge at high speed. This can cause the extractor hook to fracture and snap off, thus causing an immediate problem.
Problems can also develop over time when an operator improperly loads the pistol as part of his loading routine. Repeatedly impacting the extractor's blunt nose against cartridge bases, and not snapping off the hook, causes the hook to be forced outward and around the cartridge bases. This can eventually lead to breaking the extractor hook, and almost always leads to ruining the extractor's adjustment. A broken extractor hook obviously will not allow the extractor a means to pull the fired case out of the chamber. A misadjusted extractor may also fail to extract. It may also cause stove piping, case crushing, and feeding failures. Bottom line is that a 1911 extractor plays a critical role in the operation of your pistol.
Warning: Anytime you snap a 1911 extractor over the base of a chambered case, intentionally or by mistake, with any extractor design, you should have the pistol examined by a competent 1911 pistolsmith before using the pistol for serious purposes.

CR-45 deep cover 1911
 Firearms instructors and 1911 "authorities" who don't understand the mechanical operation of the pistol often make the problem worse by providing a poor example to student shooters by misloading their own pistols in front of a class. It is also not uncommon for firearms instructors to insist students rack their 1911 slides/extractors over chambered cases during malfunction clearance drills. This commonly results in broken extractors in the class, or students leaving with a misadjusted extractor in their defensive pistol, a problem waiting to happen.
OK, we understand the 1911's chamber needs to be loaded by slide cycling a cartridge into the chamber from the magazine to avoid extractor damage. We will always do it this way and avoid problems. The theory sounds good, but real life often disrupts the plan.
Observing and training shooters ranging from new, and intermediate to advanced allows for many ideas about mechanical and personal improvements to assist them in improving shooting performance. Some of the best ideas to "G.I. proof" firearms come from watching novice shooters.
How will an inexperienced shooter force the firearm to operate when things are going poorly for him or her? How many times will they misload their pistol while under stress? How will they forcibly clear malfunctions? etc. Bottom line in the real world is the extractor will likely be occasionally snapped over the cartridge base, whether it is intentional or not. This is especially true during high stress malfunction clearance, or when losing the pistol's magazine and being forced to insert cartridges directly into the chamber and close the slide/extractor over their bases to at least have a single shot pistol. If you break your extractor hook during these activities, you have severely handicapped your pistol's operational effectiveness.
What's all this hype about pivoting and/or external extractors for the 1911? Dave Lauck has experimented with all currently available pivoting 1911 extractor designs. It appears that the problem they solve is related to parts installation by semiskilled workers on production line 1911s. It is much simpler to have workers install coil spring A, with pin B, and extractor C, rather than have experienced workers properly fit and adjust an internal 1911 extractor.

None of the tested pivoting (or other) extractors have solved the potential breakage problems related to snapping the extractor hook over the base of a cartridge chambered in front of the extractor hook. In fact some of these extractors are designed in a way which makes it impossible for the pistol to go into battery with a cartridge in front of the hook unless you break the hook. Not good during serious encounters. Add to this the problems of extractor pivot pins coming loose and coil springs clogging with contaminants and it is obvious a better solution was needed.
Dave Lauck's Design Solution
Dave Lauck's design solution will work with either an internal conventional, internal pivoting, or external pivoting extractor. The internal conventional extractor is preferred because it remains closer to the boreline, and it does not require a pivot point or springs. This is an area where the simple solution is the best solution.
Dave Lauck's design does not change the preferred and recommended method of 1911 operation, i.e. it is still recommended you cycle cartridges into the chamber via the magazine. What the new design does is drastically minimize the chances of bending or breaking your extractor on those occasions when the pistol is misloaded, or when a case stuck in the chamber must be cleared immediately and the extractor hook is intentionally snapped over the base of the stuck case.
This is accomplished with a redesigned leading edge on the extractor hook. The new hook is designed to be similar to the profile of a Tanto knife blade. This allows the hook to be directed out and around the base of the chambered cartridge with a drastically reduced chance of damage or breakage. Conventional extractor hook designs receive tremendous impact shock and often fracture or are bent during the snap over process. The new Tanto design shape allows for a much smoother and reliable snap over.
CR-45 deep cover 1911
The D&L Tanto extractor is manufactured from heat treated, spring tempered steel for a long and reliable service life. During the testing and development of this new extractor design a single extractor was properly installed in a D&L 1911 Signature Model Pistol, then improperly operated by snapping the hook over a chambered case 5000 times. Not only did the extractor survive with no damage, it did not even lose its proper tension setting. This is how smooth the Tanto profile allows the hook to snap over chambered cases.
The Tanto extractor can be conventionally fitted to 1911, Series 70, and Series 80 pistol slides. A small angled notch is required to be milled into the right rear surface of the barrel to complete installation.
This is an invention that is as important for 1911s as reliable magazines are for the AR-15/M-16. It is one of those inventions that doesn't get much operator notice because it rarely needs attention, and it just keeps on working. Operator level personnel often don't understand or care about the mechanical reasons for reliability or unreliability, they just know if something works reliably or not. It is simple: is the component heavy duty and reliable, or not? That's what matters to field operators. This is one such 1911 design upgrade that dramatically improves 1911 reliability potential under all conditions and should be considered mandatory on all serious use 1911s.
Price: $60
In order to expedite this invention getting to end users, licensing agreements will be considered with quality manufacturers.

1911 Tanto Extractor Installation
Warning: This and all other DLS products should be installed by a skilled, competent, and experienced gunsmith familiar with the firearm design to be worked on. Failure to install components properly can lead to firearm failure, injury, and/or death.
The primary 1911 Tanto Extractor design is compatible with the internal extractor tunnels of proper spec 1911 Series 70 and 80 pistols. Simply remove standard internal extractor and the Tanto Extractor should fit the existing extractor tunnel with little or no fitting. Correctly tension the extractor until it will hold a loaded cartridge in the breachface area. No filing on the extractor should be required. If proper tension can't be achieved, check the breachface dimension of the slide. On rare occasions the breachface may be slightly oversized, and require minor extractor modification to compensate for this problem. Consult a more experienced 1911 gunsmith, or replace the slide if the problem is severe.
The extended leading edge of the patented Tanto Extractor hook requires the rear of the barrel to be relieved on the ejection port side of the pistol. This is a very simple, but critical milling operation. After installing the extractor and reassembling the pistol without the recoil spring, push the slide forward and note the area of the barrel that needs to be relieved. Keep in mind that the barrel moves up and down while going in and out of a locked position. This means the relief cut needs to be wider than the extractor. A .250" end mill is just right.
Angle mill the rear of the barrel in a manner which makes room for the extractor hook, but minimizes chamber exposure. Use Dykem to frequently check progress while taking off only 002" - 003" per pass. Only make the cut deep enough to assure the extractor hook does not touch the barrel when the slide comes forward, or when the barrel moves in and out of the locked position.
Professional installation is required to assure safety and proper function. Seek assistance if necessary.
1911 auto pistol extractors require precise individual fitting to achieve proper function and reliability with individual firearms. All D&L Inc. components should be installed by a competent and experienced gunsmith, and thoroughly test fired for reliability prior to serious use.

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